Questions And Exercises: Chapter I. Definition Of Business English
§ 1. Give some business word (besides those given in the text) which is often used figuratively.
§ 2. 1. Give several technical words which have recently-become business terms. Take one or two from each of several sciences.
2. If you have access to a good recent dictionary (say Webster's New International, or the Twentieth Century Standard Dictionary) say about how many words - not words and phrases - are contained in the English language. Does this estimate include the various meanings of each word?
§ 3. 1. Are commercial words in the majority in the average business letter?
2. What does "English," as studied in college, chiefly mean?
3. Speak of words as a social heritage.
$ 4. 1. What may be said in answer to the contention that the art of writing cannot be taught?
2. What two general types of writer are mentioned?
3. Can a sharp line be drawn between Business English and Business?
§ 5. 1. Name several types of business ability.
2. How are we to prevent our study of Business English from being a matter of empty words?
3. Give any instance that you can, from your own observation, of an unwise scorn of elementary principles of English.
Unformatted text preview: NAME Reinforcement Exercises Note: At the beginning of every set of reinforcement exercises, a self-check exercise is provided so that you will know immediately whether you understand the concepts presented in the chapter. Do not look at the answers until you have completed the exercise. Then compare your responses with the answers shown at the bottom of the page. If you have more than three incorrect responses, reread the chapter before continuing with the other reinforcement exercises. A. Self-Check. Parts of Speech. Choose the correct answer. 1. Words that express an action, an occurrence, or a state of being are (a) verbs, (b) nouns, (c) adverbs, (d) interjections. a 2. Names for persons, places, things, qualities, feelings, concepts, activities, and measures are (a) verbs, (b) adjectives, (c) nouns, (d) pronouns. c 3. Words such as I, you, they, and hers, which substitute for nouns, are (a) adverbs, (b) adjectives, (c) interjections, (d) pronouns. d 4. The part of speech that answers the questions What kind? and How many? is a(n) (a) adverb, (b) adjective, (c) preposition, (d) conjunction. b 5. Words such as slowly, very, and tomorrow that answer the questions How? 3 and When? are (a) adverbs, (b) adjectives, (c) nouns, (d) conjunctions. a 6. Wow and oh are examples of (a) pronouns, (b) prepositions, (c) interjections, (d) adjectives. c 7. And, or, nor, and but are (a) adverbs, (b) prepositions, (c) interjections, (d) conjunctions. d 8. Words such as by, in, and of that join noun or pronoun objects to other words in sentences are (a) adverbs, (b) prepositions, (c) conjunctions, (d) adjectives. b 9. The, a, and an are a special group of adjectives called (a) joiners, (b) articles, (c) limiters, (d) descriptors. b 10. Nouns that are capitalized are known as (a) common nouns, (b) proper nouns, (c) pronouns, (d) articles. b Check your answers below. B. Recognizing Parts of Speech. In each sentence, identify the italicized word(s). 11. Savvy job seekers today include an app for their iPhone or iPad. a. noun b. pronoun C. verb d. adverb c 12. Apps offer help with planning and researching a job search. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb (1. adverb a 13. An app can provide tips for nearly every hurdle a job seeker faces. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb d. adverb d (101 Cl‘6 (1'8 91 3'9 9'9 (1'17 PE 3'3 9'1 PARTS OF SPEECH CHAPTER I I3 14. One section, for example, prompts you to identify prospective employers. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb d. adverb b 15. Once you identify prospective employers, the app than seeks relevant mobile Web pages for that company. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb ‘ d. adverb d. 16. The app can provide questions you would like to ask the interviewer. a. noun b. pro-noun c. verb d. adverb c 17. You can Save questions in a research folder for a particular job interview. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb (:1. adjective d 18. The interview section begins with brain teasers to sharpen your mind. a. noun b. pronoun c. verb (1. adjective d. 19. The last section is devoted to essential but easy—to-remember points. I a. noun b. pronoun c. verb (1. adjective a 20. Wow! This app sounds as if it is really worth the investment. a. noun b. interjection c. verb (1. adverb b C. Parts of Speech. In each of the following groups of sentences, the same word functions differ- ently. For each sentence indicate the part of speech for the italicized word. Examples: 3» We don't have much time to prepare our presentation. a. noun b. adjective 0. verb cl. preposition a Officials will timethe runners in the marathon. a. adjective b. noun c. verb d. interjection c Factory workers must punch a time clock. a. verb 1:). noun c. adverb d. adjective d 21. Performers dance at every evening ceremony. :1 a. noun b. adjective c. verb (1. preposition c i 22. A new dance club opened right next to our office. a. adjective b. adverb c. verb (1. noun a 23. Their first dance at their wedding was to the song ”Always and Forever. ” a. verb b. noun . c. interjection ‘ d. conjunction b 24. Brandon prefers a casual work environment. a. noun b. adjective c. verb (1. preposition b 25. Annette Jenkins arrives at work early each morning. a. preposition b. verb 0. noun (1. adjective c 26. The entire department will work overtime to finish the project. a. noun b. adjective c. verb (1. adverb c 14 CHAPTER 'I PARTS OF SPEECH 27. Volunteers do important work in the community. a. noun b. adjective c. verb d. preposition a 28. Advertisements promised instruction from a master teacher. a. noun b. adverb c. verb (1. adjective d 29. Few students can master Web design in a short course. ' a. verb b. noun _ ' . c. adverb d. pronoun a 30. Warren Buffet is a master in the field of investing. a. pronoun b. noun c. adjective d. adverb b D. Parts of Speech. Depending on their use in sentences, words may function as different parts of speech. This writing exercise gives you an opportunity to use the same word differently. Write complete sentences using the word contract as the part of speech indicated. Answers will vary. 31. (noun) All parties signed the contract. 32. (verb) Did you contract much debt during the recession? 33. (adjective) We hired a contract worker to upgrade our network. Write complete sentences using the word set as the part of speech indicated. 34. (noun) They ordered a complete set of training manuals. 35. (verb) Please set the new couch by the door. 36. (adjective) We offer our services at a set price. 3 Write complete sentences using the word desert as the part of speech indicated. 37.‘ (noun) They drove across the desert on the way to the conference. 38. (verb) She is afraid her teammates will desert her. 39. (adjective) Would you like to be stranded on a desert island? Write a complete sentence using the word dessert as the part of speech indicated. 40. (noun) The hostess served a decadent dessert after dinner. E. Parts of Speech. Read the following sentences and, taking into account the function of each word within each sentence, identify the part of speech of each word shown. Use a dictionary if necessary. The e-mail message contained a virus, but it was quickly deleted. 41. The adjective (article) 46- bUt conjunction 42. e-l'l’lail I adjective. - 47- it pronoun 43. message noun 48. was verb 44. contained verb 49. quickly adverb 45. virus - noun 50. deletECi verb PARTS or SPEECH CHAPTER 1 15 Wow! He immediately discovered the reason for the quarterly operating loss. 51. WOW! interiection 56. reason new 52. He pronoun 57. for preposition 53. immediately adverb 58. quarterly adjective 54. discovered verb ' 59. operating adjective ‘ 55. the adjective (article) 60. lOSS noun F. Verbs. In each of the following sentences, identify the verb and tell whether it is an action or linking verb. Example: Jason is the new marketing manager. a. Jason b. is c. new d. manager b (linking) 61. Some job applicants now prepare video résumés for posting on YouTube. a. applicants b. prepare c. resumes d. posting b (action) 62. Google Earth provides satellite images of geographic areas around the world. ‘a. provides b. satellite c. images (1. world a (actionl ' 63. The hotel manager selected four trainees from many applicants. a. manager b. selected C. trainees d. applicants b (action) 64. Her outgoing voice mail message sounds professional. a. outgoing b. mail c. message (1. sounds d (linkingl‘ 65. Please submit your proposal before October 4. a. Please ' b. submit c. proposal d. before b (actionl 66. The vice president and the controller analyzed the accounting figures carefully. a. controller b. analyzed c. accounting (1. carefully b (action) 67. Words are the most powerful drug in the world. a. Words b. are c. powerful (1. drug _ b (linking! 68. Brandon felt bad about the company’s quarterly loss. a. felt b. bad 0. quarterly d. loss a (linking) 69. She dreams about a bright future. a. She b. dreams c. bright (1. future blactionl 70. I am very pleased about your new iob! a. am b. pleased c. your (1. job a (linking) G. Writing Exercise. Parts of Speech. In three or four complete sentences, explain why it is important to understand the parts of speech for this course and later on the job. Answers will vary. It is important to understand how the parts of speech work so that I can talk about them in this course. On the job it is important to know the parts of speech so that when I look up words in a dictionary. I understand how they may function in sentences. Knowing the parts of speech will also help me unctuate correctly. 16 CHAPTER 1 ' PARTS OF SPEECH -1 In three or four complete sentences, explain-the difference between nouns and verbs. Which do you think is more important to a writer? Nouns name persons, places, things, qualities, feelings, concepts, activities, and measures. They are important because they are the subjects of sentences. Verbs show the action in a sentence and can also be used to link words to the subject or to rename the subject. Writers often say that verbs are more important than nouns because they evoke feelings. H. FAQs About Business English Review. Choose the correct answer. 71. Many businesspeople begin their research on the (a) intemet, (19) Internet, (c) InterNet. b 72. Experts suggest that users check their (a) Email, (11) E—mail, (6) email, (d) e-mail at regular intervals. d 73. Customers can receive live (a) on-line, (19) online, (c) on line technical support. b 74. All computer files must be backed up (a) evenxday, (b) every day, (6) evenz-day to prevent possible loss. ' b 75. Backing up files is an (a) everyday, (19) every day, (6) every-day occurrence in most organizations. a 76. Which of the following is an acronym? (a) CIA, (1')) IRS, (c) PIN, (d) RSVP c 77. Which of the following is an abbreviation? (a) laser, ([9) OSHA, s (C) radar, (d) NBA d 78. Your statement during the interview has (a) piqued, (b) peaked, (e) peeked my curiosity. a 79. When you receive the announcement, please (a) foreword, ([9) forward, (c) for-ward it to me. b 80. Stephen Colbert wrote the (a) foreword, (b) forward, (c) for—ward to the book Tall Tales by Al Jaffe. a PARTS OF SPEECH 7 CHAPTER 1 l7 "i / E;— \ ...
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