Rajasthan is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, for both domestic and international tourists. Rajasthan attracts tourists for its historical forts, palaces, art and culture. Every third foreign tourist visiting India also travels to Rajasthan as it is part of the Golden Triangle for tourists visiting India.
Endowed with natural beauty and a great history, Rajasthan has a flourishing tourism industry. The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most preferred destinations of many tourists, Indian and foreign. Tourism accounts for eight percent of the state's domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector. The main sweet of this place is ghewar.
Main article: List of palaces in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is known for its historical hill forts & palaces, it is claimed as best place for tourism related to palaces. Following are some of major palaces in Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is famous even for its forts. Hill Forts of Rajasthan are also a part of world heritage.
Hill forts which are in world heritage list
Main article: Hill Forts of Rajasthan
Other famous forts
Main article: List of forts in India § Rajasthan
Fairs and Festivals
Department of Tourism of Rajasthan Government organizes multiple fairs & festivals during the year. These festivals & fairs are great tourist attractions.Fairs organized in Rajasthan include:
- Camel Festival, Bikaner (January)
- Nagaur Fair, Nagaur (Jan-Feb.)
- Kite Festival (held on 14th Jan of every year)
- Desert Festival, Jaisalmer (Jan-Feb.)
- Baneshwar Fair, Baneshwar (Jan-Feb.)
- Gangaur Festival, Jaipur (March–April)
- Mewar Festival, Udaipur (March–April)
- Elephant Festival, Jaipur (March–April)
- Urs Ajmer Sharif, Ajmer (According to Lunar Calendar)
- Summer Festival, Mt.Abu (June)
- Teej Festival, Jaipur (July–August)
- Kajli Teej, Bundi (July–August)
- Dussehra Festival, Kota (October)
- Marwar Festival, Jodhpur (October)
- Pushkar Fair, Ajmer (November)
Popular tourist attractions
- Ajmer - Popular for shrine of Sufi Saikhllnt Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and Digambar Jain Temple Soniji Ki Nasiyan.
- Barmer - Barmer and surrounding areas offer perfect picture of typical Rajasthani villages.
- Bhilwara - Popular for its textile industry. Hamirgarh Eco-park and Harni Mahadev temple are important tourist destinations.
- Bikaner - Famous for its havelis, palaces and World famous Karni Mata Temple in Deshnoke.
- Chittorgarh - Popular for its monument and fort
- Bundi - Popular for its forts, palaces and stepwell reservoirs known as baoris.
- Jaipur- Known as pink city of India and the capital of Rajasthan, famous for palaces and temples.
- Jaisalmer - Famous for its golden fortress, havelis and some of the oldest Jain Temples and libraries.
- Jhalawar district - Caves like Binnayaga Buddhist caves, Hathiagor Buddhist Caves, Kolvi Caves are popular medieval architecture of India.
- Jodhpur - Famous for architecture & blue homes giving the name "Blue City"
- Kota - Famous for its gardens, palaces and Chambal river safari.
- Mount Abu - Popular hill station, famous for 11th century Dilwara Jain Temples and natural beauty. Highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan, Guru Shikhar is just 15 km from the main town.
- Nathdwara - This town near Udaipur hosts the famous temple of Shrinathji.
- Neemrana - is famous for its Neemrana fort
- Pushkar - It has the first and one of the very few Brahma temples in the world.
- Ranakpur- Large Jain Temple complex with near 1444 pillars and exquisite marble carvings.
- Ranthambore - Situated near Sawai Madhopur. This town has historic Ranthambore Fort and one of the largest and most famous national park of India (Ranthambore National Park).
- Sariska Tiger Reserve - Situated in the Alwar district.
- Shekhawati - Located are small towns such as Mandawa and Ramgarh with frescoed havelis between 100 years to 300 years old, and Vedic period Dhosi Hill.
- Udaipur - Known as the "Venice of India".
Outline of tourism in India
Tourism in India
Essay No. 01
Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries of the world. It plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. India is one of the popular tourist destinations in Asia. Bounded by the Himalayan ranges in the north and surrounded, on three sides by water , India offers a wide array of places to see and things to do. The enchanting backwaters, hill stations and landscapes make India a beautiful country. They attract tourists from all over the world.
Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. The tourism industry employs a large number of people both skilled and unskilled. Tourism is the largest service industry in India with a contribution of 6.23 percent of the national GDP and 8,78 percent of the total employment in India. Hotels, travel agencies, transport including airlines benefit a lot from this industry. Tourism promotes national integration and international understanding. It generates foreign exchange. It promotes cultural activities.
India has a composite culture. There is a harmonious blend of art , religion and philosophy. Though India has been subjected to a series of invasions, she has retained her originality even after absorbing the best of the external influences. Religious like Christianity , Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism , Jainism , Sikhism and Zoroastrianism, etc. have co existed in India. India has fascinated people from all over the world with her secularism and her culture.
The diverse geographical locales of India delight the tourists. The monuments, museums, forts, sanctuaries , places of religious interest, palaces, etc. offer a treat to the eyes. Every region is identified with its handicrafts ,fairs, folk dances , music and its people.
Some of the places that attract a huge number of tourists are Agra, Jaipur jhansi , hyderabad, Nalanda, Mysore, Delhi , Mahabaleshwar , A urangabad , etc. Haridwar , Ujjain , Shirdi , V aransi , A llahabad , puri , Jammu , B adrinath etc. are famous hill resorts.
The Tourism Advisory Board recommends measures for promotion of tourist traffic in India. It reviews the tourist trends and suggests appropriate measures. Some of the palaces havelis and castles have been converted into heritage hotels. In these hotels the tourists get to experience the exotic lifestyle of a bygone era. The exotic train Palace on Wheels which travels through Rajasthan attracts a lot of foreign tourists. The Indian Tourism Development corporation organises entertainment programmes like folk dances and songs and provides shopping facilities. Today many private companies like Sita Travels, Club Mahindra , etc. arrange domestic as well as foreign tours.
With the growth of the urban professional middle class, tourism n India is flourishing. Many states have taken necessary steps to promote tourism. Goa promotes water sports like sailing scuba diving and rafting. Kashmir offers the pleasure of winter sports like skiing and mountaineering.
In2005 the Indian Tourism Development Corporation started a campaign called Incredible India to encourage tourism in India. The slogan of this campaign is Athithi Devoh Bhaboh. For a better growth the department divided different places in different sections like spiritual tourism spa tourism eco tourism and adventure tourism.
India’s performance in tourism sector has been quite impressive. During the period 2002 to 2009 India witnessed an increase in the Foreign Tourist Arrivals from 2.38 million to 5.11 million resulting in the average annual increase of about 11.5 percent. Domestic tourism has also got a big boost. The number of domestic tourist visits increased from 270 million in 2002 to 650 million in 2009 with an average annual growth rate of 13.4 percent.
India has a growing medical tourism sector. With an increasing number of foreign patients flocking to India for treatment, our country has become an attractive destination for medical tourism. Things have now started looking bright for the tourism industry.
On the negative side tourism may damage environment. In order to accommodate large number of tourists, sprawling resorts are built. The indiscriminate construction destroys local architectural styles and ecological balance. Arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to satisfy them.
The Indian tourism industry has been hit by pollution. The effluents emitted by the Mathura Refinery has led to the discolourization of the Taj Mahal is Agra. The condition of many of our monuments is deteriorating due to the negligence of the authorities concerned.
Terrorism now a days has become a global problem. Our country is also not an exception. The terrorist attacks agitations and separatist movements hinder the growth of tourism. Kashmir is the paradise for domestic and international tourists. The Skirmishes in this valley hamper the growth of tourism which is very important for the economy of the state.
The tourism infrastructure in India should be strengthened. Airports and railway stations should provide information to the tourists about the tourist destinations. Government owned hotels should be properly managed. The government should be taken to restore the ancient splendor of the monuments. Sincere efforts could help to further develop the Indian tourism industry.
Essay No. 02
Over the years, tourism has grown as a flourishing industry. Some countries, even small ones, like Singapore, the Carribean, Japan, Hong-Kong (now under China), Thailand and even Malaysia have made great progress with the earnings obtained from tourists.
In India, earnings to the government and people from tourism as compared to such countries are only fractional. There may be several reasons for this.
Tourism in India can become a viable industry if effective and concerted steps are taken. First of all, red-tapism should be ended. All bottlenecks and harassment to tourists that scare them should be removed. People at the helms of tourist affairs such as officials of ministry of tourism, hoteliers emporium-owners, etc. should be taught etiquette and given lessons in ideal behaviour that should be meted out to tourists.
India has innumerable attractions for tourists. Throughout the country there are numerous beauty and scenic spots. There are very good hotels in big cities and tourist complexes on highways. There are several places where the tourists can enjoy adventure games. There are so many ancient temples, mosques, forts and other historical places in India which the tourists from various countries would like to visit.
Our embassies should supply to the people and governments of other countries all the important information regarding objects and places which can attract the tourists. The coming of the tourists to India and their stay here should be made easier, smoother and more comfortable as far as possible.