Such an important issue as hunger is still acute in some countries, even nowadays, in times of incredible scientific discoveries, many of which can be called child’s play – they do not constitute any useful meaning for the human life. Why is this happening?
Africa – the continent most affected by the consequences of global warming. For decades, Africa, and especially its eastern part, has become a symbol of hunger, drought and poverty. What images appear before the eyes – malnourished children, people who are constantly migrating in search of water and food, abandoned settlements, the bodies of dead animals in the desert, and abject poverty.
Kenya is now experiencing the driest period for the last 60 years. Such countries of East Africa as Somalia, Uganda, Ethiopia and Djibouti are also affected by the severe drought. The inhabitants of the country who are deprived of food and water, have to kill livestock, which is their only means of livelihood. The authorities report that the number of people dying from starvation has increased. The number of Africans, who have found a shelter in refugee camps due to the lack of food and water, has exceeded 450 thousand people, tens of thousands of Somalis are sent to the refugee camps of the United Nations in Kenya and Ethiopia. About 11 million people in the region are in urgent need of assistance due to the drought.
The member countries of the organization are called on to support the Central Emergency Response Fund. They are concerned that African sources dry up every day and are irrationally used, the assistance for the implementation of the use of wind and solar energy is not provided, and most importantly – the inhabitants of the continent, abounding with mineral resources, suffer from the drought.
It is really frightening that everybody knew that the melting of glaciers in Asia and Africa, caused by the global warming, the result of human activities, could lead to the current state of Africa. This article is aimed to find the most correctly ways for humanity to solve this problem.
Essay on Malnutrition
1807 Words8 Pages
Malnutrition is a global challenge in low-income and middle-income countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia (Shetty, 2002, Black, et al., 2008). More than ten million children under five years of age die annually worldwide and percentage of child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa is approximately 41% and another 34% in south Asia (Black, et al., 2003). It was estimated that more than 50% of these child deaths could be attributed to the potentiating effects of malnutrition in infectious disease such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, tuberculosis, and other infections (Rice, et al., 2000, Caulfield, et al., 2004).
As a result of essential nutrient deficiencies in the daily diet as well as the impact of…show more content…
Nutritional deficiencies with its two constituents of macronutrient deficiencies leading to protein energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies particularly in vitamin A, iron, iodine and zinc deficiencies are the main manifestations of malnutrition in undernourished societies (Muller & Krawinkel, 2005). The mechanisms of protein energy malnutrition include decreased nutrient intake and absorption, direct nutrient losses and increased metabolic requirements (Manary & Solomons, 2004). Globally, FAO (2004) estimated that 852 million of people are undernourished and most of them were living in developing countries. Protein energy malnutrition in children is based on underweight, stunting and wasting and the clinical syndromes of severe malnutrition are marasmus and kwashiorkor (Muller & Krawinkel, 2005, Manary & Solomons, 2004).
Micronutrient deficiencies affect a significant part and at least 2 billion people all over the world (FAO, 2004). Among young children vitamin A deficiencies (VAD) is a third suffer nutritional disease and continues to be one of the major public health