If you want to get in, the first thing to look at is the acceptance rate. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are.
The acceptance rate at University of Michigan is 26%. For every 100 applicants, 26 are admitted.
This means the school is very selective. If you meet University of Michigan's requirements for GPA, SAT/ACT scores, and other components of the application, you have a great shot at getting in. But if you fall short on GPA or your SAT/ACT scores, you'll have a very low chance of being admitted, even if you meet the other admissions requirements.
Many schools specify a minimum GPA requirement, but this is often just the bare minimum to submit an application without immediately getting rejected.
The GPA requirement that really matters is the GPA you need for a real chance of getting in. For this, we look at the school's average GPA for its current students.
The average GPA at University of Michigan is 3.83.
(Most schools use a weighted GPA out of 4.0, though some report an unweighted GPA.
With a GPA of 3.83, University of Michigan requires you to be near the top of your class, and well above average. Your transcript should show mostly A's. Ideally, you will also have taken several AP or IB classes to show that you can handle academics at a college level.
If you're currently a junior or senior, your GPA is hard to change in time for college applications. If your GPA is at or below the school average of 3.83, you'll need a higher SAT or ACT score to compensate. This will help you compete effectively against other applicants who have higher GPAs than you.
Each school has different requirements for standardized testing. Most schools require the SAT or ACT, and many also require SAT subject tests.
You must take either the SAT or ACT to submit an application to University of Michigan. More importantly, you need to do well to have a strong application.
University of Michigan SAT Requirements
Many schools say they have no SAT score cutoff, but the truth is that there is a hidden SAT requirement. This is based on the school's average score.
Average SAT: 1450 (Old: 2080)
The average SAT score composite at University of Michigan is a 1450 on the 1600 SAT scale.
On the old 2400 SAT, this corresponds to an average SAT score of 2080.
This score makes University of Michigan Strongly Competitive for SAT test scores.
University of Michigan SAT Score Analysis (New 1600 SAT)
The 25th percentile New SAT score is 1370, and the 75th percentile New SAT score is 1530. In other words, a 1370 on the New SAT places you below average, while a 1530 will move you up to above average.
Here's the breakdown of new SAT scores by section:
|Section||Average||25th Percentile||75th Percentile|
University of Michigan SAT Score Analysis (Old 2400 SAT)
The 25th percentile Old SAT score is 1930, and the 75th percentile SAT score is 2230. In other words, a 1930 on the Old SAT places you below average, while a 2230 puts you well above average.
Here's the breakdown of old SAT scores by section:
|Section||Average||25th Percentile||75th Percentile|
SAT Score Choice Policy
The Score Choice policy at your school is an important part of your testing strategy.
University of Michigan has the Score Choice policy of "Highest Section."
This is also known as "superscoring." This means that you can choose which SAT tests you want to send to the school. Of all the scores they receive, your application readers will consider your highest section scores across all SAT test dates you submit.
Click below to learn more about how superscoring critically affects your test strategy.
For example, say you submit the following 3 test scores:
Even though the highest total you scored on any one test date was 1000, University of Michigan will take your highest section score from all your test dates, then combine them to form your Superscore. You can raise your composite score from 1000 to 1400 in this example.
This is important for your testing strategy. Because you can choose which tests to send in, and University of Michigan forms your Superscore, you can take the SAT as many times as you want, then submit only the tests that give you the highest Superscore. Your application readers will only see that one score.
Therefore, if your SAT superscore is currently below a 1530, we strongly recommend that you consider prepping for the SAT and retaking it. You have a very good chance of raising your score, which will significantly boost your chances of getting in.
Even better, because of the Superscore, you can focus all your energy on a single section at a time. If your Reading score is lower than your other sections, prep only for the Reading section, then take the SAT. Then focus on Math for the next test, and so on. This will surely give you the highest Superscore possible.
Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score. This guide was written by Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. If you apply the strategies in this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements.
University of Michigan ACT Requirements
Just like for the SAT, University of Michigan likely doesn't have a hard ACT cutoff, but if you score too low, your application will get tossed in the trash.
Average ACT: 31
The average ACT score at University of Michigan is 31. This score makes University of Michigan Strongly Competitive for ACT scores.
The 25th percentile ACT score is 29, and the 75th percentile ACT score is 33.
Even though University of Michigan likely says they have no minimum ACT requirement, if you apply with a 29 or below, you'll have a very hard time getting in, unless you have something else very impressive in your application. There are so many applicants scoring 31 and above that a 29 will look academically weak.
ACT Score Sending Policy
If you're taking the ACT as opposed to the SAT, you have a huge advantage in how you send scores, and this dramatically affects your testing strategy.
Here it is: when you send ACT scores to colleges, you have absolute control over which tests you send. You could take 10 tests, and only send your highest one. This is unlike the SAT, where many schools require you to send all your tests ever taken.
This means that you have more chances than you think to improve your ACT score. To try to aim for the school's ACT requirement of 33 and above, you should try to take the ACT as many times as you can. When you have the final score that you're happy with, you can then send only that score to all your schools.
ACT Superscore Policy
By and large, most colleges do not superscore the ACT. (Superscore means that the school takes your best section scores from all the test dates you submit, and then combines them into the best possible composite score). Thus, most schools will just take your highest ACT score from a single sitting.
We weren't able to find the school's exact ACT policy, which most likely means that it does not Superscore. Regardless, you can choose your single best ACT score to send in to University of Michigan, so you should prep until you reach our recommended target ACT score of 33.
Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score. This guide was written by Harvard graduates and ACT perfect scorers. If you apply the strategies in this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements.
SAT/ACT Writing Section Requirements
Both the SAT and ACT have a Writing section that includes an essay.
University of Michigan requires you to take the SAT/ACT Writing section. They'll use this as another factor in their admissions consideration.
SAT Subject Test Requirements
Schools vary in their SAT subject test requirements. Typically, selective schools tend to require them, while most schools in the country do not.
University of Michigan has indicated that SAT subject tests are required for SOME applicants. Typically this means that applying to certain majors or colleges within the school requires SAT subject tests, and others don't. Read further to see if you'll need to submit SAT subject scores.
Typically, your SAT/ACT and GPA are far more heavily weighed than your SAT Subject Tests. If you have the choice between improving your SAT/ACT score or your SAT Subject Test scores, definitely choose to improve your SAT/ACT score.
Ready, set, bubble.
High school juniors across Ohio will take an ACT or SAT college-entrance exam this spring to fulfill a state mandate that requires public school districts and charter schools to give one of the two tests to nearly all 11th graders.
SAT prep coordinator Brad Hohenberger watches as juniors Adam Stormer, left, and Tyler Sams use a computer program to prepare for the SAT at Perrysburg High School.
THE BLADE/ANDY MORRISON
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This year’s junior class is the first group of Ohio students who must sit for one of the exams that famously feature multiple-choice answer bubbles, though the testing requirement has been in the works since a 2014 state education law update.
With the new directive, Ohio joins Michigan and a growing number of states that require high schoolers to take a nationally standardized test that measures college readiness.
The decision has garnered mixed reactions from students and educators across northwest Ohio as districts from Perrysburg to Port Clinton prepare for the big-stakes test.
RELATED CONTENT: TPS modifies March, April schedules because of testing
The state touts that it saves students money because Ohio is picking up the $5.25 million tab for about 117,000 students to take the ACT and 14,000 to take the SAT.
“It’s nice that we don’t have to pay for it the first time,” said Emily Mitchell, a 16-year-old college-bound junior who will take the SAT with her Perrysburg High School classmates on April 5.
Test-takers who sign up on their own would pay $42.50 for the ACT and $45 for the SAT.
Some students who may not have planned to go to college may reconsider if they score well on a test they wouldn’t have otherwise taken, educators said. Plus, posting an acceptable score on the ACT or SAT also is a new way high schoolers can meet Ohio’s graduation requirements.
But, there’s also concern about how the requirement piles onto the heap of tests students already take and the time it robs from classroom instruction.
“The real winner here is the testing companies,” Northwood Schools superintendent Greg Clark said.
Some question the logic of forcing such a tough test on high schoolers who plan to enter the work force instead of college.
Only 55 percent of Ohio’s high school class of 2015 took the ACT, and 7.2 percent took the SAT, according to the most recent data available from the Ohio Department of Education.
“I think for those kids that were probably never going to take it, they are probably not interested in it,” Rossford High School principal Tony Brashear said. “For us, we’ll see how they utilize their time on that day to see if they zip through [it] or give it a shot.”
Maumee High School juniors will be among the first to tackle the new challenge when they sit for the SAT on Wednesday. Perrysburg and Toledo juniors will take the SAT on April 5.
About 95 percent of districts chose to administer the ACT, a mainstay for many Midwestern high schoolers and college admissions departments.
Juniors at Sylvania, Springfield, Washington Local, Anthony Wayne, Northwood, Bowling Green, Findlay, and Fremont will take the ACT on March 21.
Ottawa Hills, one of the few districts opting to give the test on computer instead of paper and pencil, will give the ACT to juniors on March 22.
Port Clinton, Rossford, Lake, Napoleon, and most Oregon juniors will take the ACT on April 19.
Michigan will give the SAT to about 110,000 public school juniors, most of whom will take it April 11. The state required the ACT from 2007 to 2015, and last year switched to the SAT.
Toledo Public Schools picked the SAT because the test, redesigned last year, aligns with Ohio’s academic standards, said Bob Mendenhall, the district’s executive director of curriculum instruction.
The SAT also offers online test preparation through the nonprofit Khan Academy, and Toledo students are familiar with the exam’s format because they’ve taken the PSAT, a preliminary SAT, the last few years.
About 1,321 Toledo juniors will take the SAT — everyone except those students with significant cognitive disabilities. Eleventh graders are the only high schoolers who will report to school that day. Freshmen, sophomores, and seniors will stay home, freeing up teachers to help proctor the test.
Ways to graduate
Starting with the class of 2018, Ohio offers three ways for students to fulfill graduation requirements.
One route to graduation is to score enough points on seven recently revamped end-of-course state tests — two in English, plus a test in biology, algebra, geometry, American government, and American history.
Or, those planning to go straight to a job can receive an industry credential and pass a work-readiness test to graduate.
Now, students have a third option if they score high enough on the SAT or ACT.
ACT test-takers need at least an 18 in English, 22 in reading, and a 22 in math. The top ACT score is a 36.
The state is still determining the score needed on the new SAT test, but officials said it will be equivalent to at least a 430 in writing, a 450 in reading, and a 520 in math on the former test. The top SAT score in each section is an 800.
Neither the SAT nor ACT tests paid for by the state will include those exams’ optional essay sections, which some colleges require or recommend applicants to complete.
Many educators doubt that students who haven’t scored enough points on the state’s end-of-course subject tests will manage to achieve graduation-ready scores on difficult college-entrance exams.
“It’s out there being sold as another option. It’s great for the kids who were going to take the ACT,” Lake High School principal Lee Herman said. “I don’t know that this is really creating an additional pathway to graduation.”
TPS plans to offer a SAT prep class next year to help students get ready for the new requirement.
This year, teachers are providing help as time allows.
Many students are retaking Ohio’s end-of-course state tests in order to boost their scores to meet the new graduation requirements, so Waite High School is piloting a new class geared toward the English tests.
After students retake the state English tests in March, the Waite class will work on SAT skills in advance of the April test.
It adds up to a lot of tests and test prep.
“It takes a lot of studying,” said Dalon Law, a 16-year-old Waite junior.
He is preparing now for the English tests, then will switch to the SAT. He wants to go to college, so he said he’d likely have tackled a college-entrance exam regardless of the new requirement.
The practice SAT test he’s taken seemed a lot like all the other exams he’s faced, “just more questions and harder questions,” he said.
Waite junior Courtney Miller, 17, is in the same position. She’s preparing to take more state tests for graduation, the SAT, and balancing that with regular classes.
It is sometimes stressful “trying to focus on everything at once,” she said.
Perrysburg students get help from SAT coaches and complete practice tests, said Kadee Anstadt, the district’s executive director of teaching and learning.
In previous years, roughly 250 of a typical 400-member Perrysburg class took the SAT, ACT, or both tests, she said. That means roughly many more students will take a college-entrance exam this spring.
School officials hopes the prep work makes the test feel familiar to students.
Kristina DeMarco, a 16-year-old junior who plans to play soccer at the University of Dayton, said she’s picked up tips such as how long she should spend answering each question.
Like her classmate Emily, she’s already taken the ACT but planned to take the SAT as well.
“I want to take both just to see which one I do better on,” Kristina said.
At Springfield Schools, test-day logistics include figuring out if teachers can provide graphing calculators to all test-takers, because many more juniors are taking the ACT now.
Before it became a requirement, a little more than half of Springfield students would take the test, said Dana Falkenberg, director of curriculum, instruction, and assessment.
“We are trying to figure out, how do we help them,” she said.
Mark Brahier, who founded the POINTS Test Prep service based in the Toledo area, thinks the best preparation for the ACT and SAT occurs in the classroom. He offers tutoring and works directly with school districts.
He advises students to become familiar with the test before they sit down to take it, and said pacing under time pressure is often “the biggest issue.”
High schools that prepare students for the test remove socioeconomic barriers that prevent some students from getting help, he said.
“My concern is those students who don’t have access to preparation,” he said.
Contact Vanessa McCray at: firstname.lastname@example.org or 419-724-6065, or on Twitter @vanmccray.
Vanessa McCray, ACT, SAT, testing, ohio legislature, Tony Brashear, Dana Falkenberg, Lee Herman